Daniël Nelson's 20,000km African travel adventure with the Canon EOS 6D

A walker on a grassy mountain slope, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
The Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve in southern Guinea is seldom visited and is threatened by mining and the bushmeat trade. Photographer Daniël Nelson found Guinea a particular highlight during his epic travel and wildlife photography adventure through Africa. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/2500 sec, f/8 and ISO1600. © Daniël Nelson

Before starting an international relations degree, young wildlife photographer Daniël Nelson wanted to embark on an epic adventure. It was Africa that had sparked his passion for photography – his father took him to Zambia aged just six to see wildlife in their natural habitat – so he decided to return to Africa. Armed with his Canon EOS 6D and two lenses, he travelled the length of the continent by public transport, uncovering conservation and wildlife stories along the way.

"I wanted to do a really big trip, going to places that are not frequently visited and see things that haven't been documented much," Daniël says. "I came up with the idea of going from Amsterdam to Cape Town by public transport, along the west side of Africa. There are so many countries such as Sierra Leone, Togo, Cameroon, Congo or Angola that have interesting wildlife and cultures but are seldom photographed, or are under-reported compared with countries such as Kenya and South Africa. So, I took my rucksack and spent eight months traversing the African continent."

Here, Daniël tells us about his travels with his Canon EOS 6D, the technical photography challenges he encountered on the road and his top travel photography tips and techniques.

A long-eared serval in long grass, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
A serval in northern Benin. These cats have the biggest ears relative to body size – they can even hear mice beneath the earth. Daniël's experience as a wildlife photographer paid off in capturing photos of elusive animals like this. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens at 1/800 sec, f/5.6 and ISO1600. © Daniël Nelson

Daniël has always loved wildlife photography, capturing nature across the globe and closer to home in the Netherlands. After being catapulted into the public eye as winner of 2017's coveted Young Wildlife Photographer of the Year award at the age of 18 (with an image taken when he was just 16), Daniël has achieved levels of success that many photographers twice his age dream of reaching.

"As a young photographer, it is the biggest thing you can get," he says. "It brought me exposure. People started approaching me and knew my work, which you don't usually get as a photographer under 18 because you don't have a career yet, so that was a very nice platform."

A waterfall plunging into a deep ravine, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
The Maletsunyane Falls is a 192-metre waterfall in Lesotho. Because of the unique topography, the sun never reaches the base of the waterfall, which makes it particularly challenging to photograph. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/4000 sec, f/4.0 and ISO500. © Daniël Nelson
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Exploring wildlife and conservation

"Wildlife is the biggest focus of my photography and the thing I like most. During this trip, I wanted to explore what the wildlife is like in this part of the world," says Daniël, pointing out that conflicts in the last few decades have meant that many countries remain relatively unknown to tourists.

His epic journey took him through 22 African countries in 238 days, by whatever means of transport he could find – including buses, trains, motorbikes and hitchhiking. From the deserts of Morocco through the jungles of central Africa to the coast of South Africa, the trip took in the diversity of the continent's landscapes, wildlife, cultures and history. Daniël photographed voodoo in Benin, rehabilitation in former war-torn Sierra Leone, conservation efforts in Guinea-Bissau and more.

Documenting conservation efforts formed the backbone of the trip, and Daniël worked with the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) to photograph their anti-poaching units' missions from Angola to the Republic of the Congo. "I shot stories on how the anti-poaching units go into the jungle to try to track down poachers," he says. "I also wanted to see what motivates poachers to take part in the ivory and bushmeat trades. I was able to photograph the poaching patrol, how a poacher is captured and the whole process behind that."

200 elephant tusks in a store room, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
A storage room filled with confiscated ivory in Ouésso, in the northern part of the Republic of the Congo. Daniël sought out conservation stories like this along his journey. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/800 sec, f/4.0 and ISO2000. © Daniël Nelson
A vast iron ore train in the desert, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
Iron ore trains in Mauritania are among the longest in the world. Daniël photographed this one returning from the Saharan interior. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/1000 sec, f/14 and ISO1250. © Daniël Nelson
A young male lion lies in green grass, with four giraffes in the distance.

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One stark image shows a poacher being held by a unit in Cameroon, having been arrested on suspicion of hunting elephants in Dja National Park. Another shows the scale of the problem as a storage room is piled high with the tragic spoils of poaching – around 200 tusks seized in Ouésso, Congo.

"Unfortunately, in many places there is very little wildlife because much of it has been poached," says Daniël. "But the parks are stunning and there's beautiful potential, with many native species. Pendjari National Park in Benin is one of the real success stories, and has the 'Big Five' wildlife that you'd expect to see in more well-known African parks." Across the 20,000km he covered, Daniël photographed primates including chimps and gorillas, 'Big Five' African animal species including elephants, lions and buffalos, as well as more unusual animals such as servals, plus insects, birds and stunning scenery.

Many of his photographs from the trip capture people's stories uncovered along the way, including Mauritania's famous iron ore train. "The world's longest train goes into the desert to collect iron ore, so I photographed the barren desert with this huge train cutting through it. There's a nice story behind that because it's an artery of that country's economy."

African villagers and pigs at sunset, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
A picturesque sunset in Tiébélé in southern Burkina Faso. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/50 sec, f/4.5 and ISO1600. © Daniël Nelson

A particular highlight was Guinea. "It's one of the least visited countries in the world, but the nature is absolutely stunning – there are huge waterfalls, amazing mountains, and chimpanzees," he says. "Everywhere you go, you're among the first to go there, so it was a nice surprise – a hidden gem."

Although many countries in west and central Africa have little tourist infrastructure, Daniël found himself regularly welcomed into people's homes and offered lifts, meals and guidance. "Many places in these countries will surprise you," he says.

While he was joined by friends and family members at points during his journey, the majority of the eight months were spent traveling solo with just a 25kg rucksack containing a sleeping bag, food, medicine and just three shirts and two pairs of trousers. Travelling this light meant he took just his Canon EOS 6D, which he's been shooting on since 2014, and two lenses, a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM and a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM.

"The Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM was a great lens," he says. "I needed a longer telephoto lens because obviously in parks where animals are not used to humans, you can never get close to them. So it's nice to have a telephoto lens for long distance. For the scenery and people, I used the Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM. Conditions often actually made it challenging to take photographs, but when I got the opportunity, the Canon EOS 6D meant I could take very good pictures."

An adult chimpanzee in a tree, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
There is only a single chimpanzee family left in the forest near Bossou in Guinea. The rest died as a consequence of deforestation and disease – it is thought that the chimps in this area are where the Ebola epidemic originated in 2013. Wildlife photography is often hazardous as well as technically challenging. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/320 sec, f/4.0 and ISO3200. © Daniël Nelson

Daniël Nelson's top five travel photography tips

Based on his experiences shooting in often testing conditions, Daniël has some advice for travellers hoping to get the most out of their photography in the field…

1. Care for your kit when on the move

"You shouldn't underestimate how important it is to take care of your camera when working in harsh conditions. When I was in the rainforest in Congo, I spent three weeks hiking. With the humidity and rain, my gear would get wet. Every morning I would wake up and there would be condensation in the camera, so for the first 12 hours of the day I couldn't shoot any pictures until it dried. At other times there was dust or dirt. My camera became my baby. I had to clean it every day and really take more care of it than I normally would. This worked – it held out throughout my trip."

A Harnessed bushbuck in long grass, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
A kéwel or Harnessed bushbuck in Pendjari National Park, northern Benin. The park is one of West Africa's success stories, where animals are heavily protected. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens at 1/800 sec, f/5.6 and ISO1600. © Daniël Nelson

2. Take your time to understand wildlife

"When it comes to photographing wildlife, especially in places where the wildlife isn't used to people, take your time to capture pictures. Unlike animals in frequently visited parks, most of the wildlife I tried to photograph was unhabituated to humans. An animal could seldom be approached and usually fled once it noticed my presence. My advice is to familiarise yourself with the species and its environment, and plan how the picture will look in advance. If I know where an animal likely feeds, what trails it uses, where it nests and what habitat it prefers, I can position myself out of sight and let the animal walk into my frame undisturbed. It can take up to two hours just to set up the perfect shot, with the lighting, composition and waiting for the animals to become sufficiently used to you being there. You need to wait until you're not a distraction any more so you can really shoot them in a natural way."

Orange-coloured butterflies on a mossy tree, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
Daniël photographed these striking orange-coloured butterflies in Messok-Dja National Park in the Republic of the Congo without the aid of a flash. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens at 1/1600 sec, f/5.6 and ISO3200. © Daniël Nelson

3. Improvise with lighting hacks

"You can often find yourself working in places with bad lighting. Under the dense canopy of the jungle, in a dusty slum, or during the middle of the night, it is difficult to take pictures. I never had the time to wait for a pretty sunset or good lighting, so I had to improvise. I also did not have things like a flash, tripod or remote shutter as I was travelling so light. In situations like these, it's important to know your camera well and to be creative. If the lighting was poor, I often made makeshift tripods using rocks and used a flashlight to light my subject. Other times I included moonlight, street or shop lights in my frame. Quick improvisations like these enabled me to take quality photos in poor conditions."

Cascades of water on two sides of a rocky outcrop, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
The Kamawi Falls in the Guinean Highlands, the biggest cataract in the region. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/2000 sec, f/4.0 and ISO320. © Daniël Nelson

4. Find focal points in landscapes

"Landscapes are often homogeneous, making them tricky to photograph. I usually focus on a snippet of the large panorama in front of me. I scan the environment and look for an eye-catching feature such as a strange shape, interesting pattern or striking colour. I make that the focal point of my image, so that my audience has something to focus on in an otherwise unvarying landscape."

An adult, toddler, child and puppy sit in a jungle, photographed by Daniël Nelson on a Canon EOS 6D.
A Baka family at an encampment deep in the rainforest in the Republic of the Congo. Taken on a Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens at 1/160 sec, f/4.0 and ISO1600. © Daniël Nelson

5. Make subjects part of their own story

"Photographing people can be challenging. For me, many people were fearful or suspicious of me taking their photo in areas where there was little tourism. I even had people coming up to me saying: 'I don't want to be another one of those skinny Africans in Western brochures,' so there was that element as well. I would have a proper conversation with people to explain what I was trying to do with the pictures, including showing the nice parts of their country. It's important to always be kind and have a conversation with the person you're trying to photograph and to really make them feel comfortable before taking a picture."

Autor Lucy Fulford

Daniël Nelson's kitbag

The key kit for travel photography

Daniël Nelson stands in front of a wood holding a Canon camera with telephoto lens.


Canon EOS 6D

A 20.2-megapixel DSLR featuring a full-frame sensor and compact design. Ideal for portrait photography and travel, offering tight control over depth of field and a large choice of wide-angle EF lenses.


Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS II USM

This standard zoom lens goes just that little bit further, whether you’re shooting photography or video. This lens is ideal for capturing exceptional image quality across an extended zoom range, while travelling light. "I used this lens for both scenery and people," says Daniël.

Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM

A compact, high-performance 100-400mm zoom lens that's ideal for those shooting sports, action and wildlife photography. A 4-stop Image Stabilizer and high-quality optics deliver superb sharpness. "This was a great lens in parks where animals are not used to humans and you can never get close to them," says Daniël.

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